Speech perception enhancement in elderly hearing aid users

Yu, J. et al. (2017) Geriatrics & Gerontology International. Vol. 17. pp. 61–68.

whatsapp-interface-1660652_960_720.png

Aims: The goal of the present study was to develop an auditory training program using a mobile device and to test its efficacy by applying it to older adults suffering from moderate-to-severe sensorineural hearing loss.

Conclusions: This result pattern suggests that a moderate amount of auditory training using the mobile device with cost-effective and minimal supervision is useful when it is used to improve the speech understanding of older adults with hearing loss.

Read the full abstract here

Advertisements

A Longitudinal Study in Children With Sequential Bilateral Cochlear Implants

Reeder, R.M. et al. (2017) Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, January Vol. 60. pp. 276-287.

Purpose: Whether, and if so when, a second-ear cochlear implant should be provided to older, unilaterally implanted children is an ongoing clinical question. This study evaluated rate of speech recognition progress for the second implanted ear and with bilateral cochlear implants in older sequentially implanted children and evaluated localization abilities.

Conclusions: Older sequentially implanted children with several years between surgeries may obtain speech understanding in the second implanted ear; however, performance may be limited and rate of progress gradual. Continued contralateral ear hearing aid use and reduced time between surgeries may enhance outcomes.

Read the full abstract here

The Effect Surgical Masks on Speech Understanding

Atcherson, S. et al. (2017) Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 28(1)  pp. 58-67(10)

nurse-821858_960_720.png

Background: It is generally well known that speech perception is often improved with integrated audiovisual input whether in quiet or in noise. In many health-care environments, however, conventional surgical masks block visual access to the mouth and obscure other potential facial cues. In addition, these environments can be noisy. Although these masks may not alter the acoustic properties, the presence of noise in addition to the lack of visual input can have a deleterious effect on speech understanding. A transparent (“see-through”) surgical mask may help to overcome this issue.

Conclusions: Findings confirm improved speech perception performance in noise for listeners with hearing impairment when visual input is provided using a transparent surgical mask. Most importantly, the use of the transparent mask did not negatively affect speech perception performance in noise.

Read the full abstract here