Music Rehabilitation for Adult Cochlear Implant Users

A music-related quality of life (MuRQoL) questionnaire was developed for the evaluation of music rehabilitation for adult cochlear implant (CI) users. The present studies were aimed at refinement and validation | American Journal of Audiology


Method: Twenty-four experts reviewed the MuRQoL items for face validity. A refined version was completed by 147 adult CI users, and psychometric techniques were used for item selection, assessment of reliability, and definition of the factor structure. The same participants completed the Short Form Health Survey for construct validation. MuRQoL responses from 68 CI users were compared with those of a matched group of adults with normal hearing.

Results: Eighteen items measuring music perception and engagement and 18 items measuring their importance were selected; they grouped together into 2 domains. The final questionnaire has high internal consistency and repeatability. Significant differences between CI users and adults with normal hearing and a correlation between music engagement and quality of life support construct validity. Scores of music perception and engagement and importance for the 18 items can be combined to assess the impact of music on the quality of life.

Conclusion: The MuRQoL questionnaire is a reliable and valid measure of self-reported music perception, engagement, and their importance for adult CI users with potential to guide music aural rehabilitation.

Full reference: Dritsakis, G. et al. (2017) A Music-Related Quality of Life Measure to Guide Music Rehabilitation for Adult Cochlear Implant Users. American Journal of Audiology. Published online: 15 June 2017

Use of canalith repositioning manoeuvres and vestibular rehabilitation

van Vugt, V.A. (2017) Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care. 35(1) pp. 19–26

Key points:

  • Dizziness is a common symptom with limited therapeutic options.
  • Canalith repositioning manoeuvres and vestibular rehabilitation represent the best treatment options currently available for vertigo.
  • Canalith repositioning manoeuvres and vestibular rehabilitation are still widely underused by GPs.
  • The most important reason for GPs not to use these techniques is that they do not know how to perform them.
  • Efforts should be made to increase the knowledge and skills of GPs regarding canalith repositioning manoeuvres and vestibular rehabilitation.

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Auditory rehabilitation after stroke

Koohi, N. et al. (2017) Disability and Rehabilitation. 39(6) pp. 586-593

Purpose: Auditory disability due to impaired auditory processing (AP) despite normal pure-tone thresholds is common after stroke, and it leads to isolation, reduced quality of life and physical decline. There are currently no proven remedial interventions for AP deficits in stroke patients. This is the first study to investigate the benefits of personal frequency-modulated (FM) systems in stroke patients with disordered AP.

Conclusions: Personal FM systems may substantially improve speech-in-noise deficits in stroke patients who are not eligible for conventional hearing aids. FMs are feasible in stroke patients and show promise to address impaired AP after stroke.

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