Otosclerosis: An update on diagnosis and treatment

Batson, L. & Rizzolo, D. (2017) Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants. 30(2) pp. 17–22

Image source: Batson, L. & Rizzolo, D.

Hearing loss affects the educational, psychological, and physical well-being of 360 million people worldwide. Otosclerosis, a process of progressive pathologic bone remodeling, is one of the more complex diseases that leads to hearing loss. In patients with otosclerosis, aberrant bone deposits surround and adhere to the ossicles, impairing the mechanical transmission of sound and leading to conductive hearing loss. In some patients with advanced disease, the lesions may extend into the bony labyrinth of the inner ear, affecting the cochlea and resulting in a mixed conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.

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