Shortened Antimicrobial Treatment for Acute Otitis Media in Young Children

Hoberman, A. et al. 92016) New England Journal of Medicine. 375:2446-2456

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Background: Limiting the duration of antimicrobial treatment constitutes a potential strategy to reduce the risk of antimicrobial resistance among children with acute otitis media.

Conclusions: Among children 6 to 23 months of age with acute otitis media, reduced-duration antimicrobial treatment resulted in less favorable outcomes than standard-duration treatment; in addition, neither the rate of adverse events nor the rate of emergence of antimicrobial resistance was lower with the shorter regimen.

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