Determinants of chronic otitis media with effusion in preschool children

Walker, R.E. et al. BMC Pediatrics. Published: 6 January 2017


Background: Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) is a prevalent upper airway infection resulting in hearing loss. The aim of this research was to determine risk factors for COME in preschool children.


Conclusion: COME in preschool children was associated with pathogen exposure, respiratory infection, and nasal obstruction. Strategies to prevent pathogen transmission warrant investigation. The novel findings of long labour and early cow’s milk introduction require replication in future studies.

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