Fetoni A.R. et al. Audiology & Neurotology. 2016.21:203-211
Platinum compounds constitute the standard treatment for solid tumors in pediatric oncology.
The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of platinum compounds in the development of ototoxicity in children following chemotherapy. This study included 160 patients treated with cisplatin and carboplatin for malignant solid diseases from 2007 to 2014.
Their audiograms were classified according to the Boston SIOP ototoxicity scale. Twenty-five percent of the children treated with platinum compounds developed ototoxicity. The incidence of ototoxicity was correlated with the type of platinum derivative (i.e. cisplatin vs. carboplatin), coadministration of both drugs and concomitant cranial radiotherapy, but not with sex and age. Cumulative dose was correlated only with the cisplatin administration.
Nine patients (8.6%) showed further progression of hearing impairment after the end of chemotherapy. The low rate of ototoxicity suggests the pivotal role of auditory monitoring in children treated with platinum compounds in order to be able to identify hearing loss at an early stage and to provide, jointly with pediatric oncologists, strategies to reduce further progression of cochlear toxicity.
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